Confessions

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The Danish philosopher Kierkegaard and German philosopher Nietzsche helped developed existentialism, a 20th-century philosophical school of thought, which in turn deeply influenced such important modern day theologians as the Neihburs and Harvey Cox, who in turn have deeply affected the way a large number of Christian ministers and priests preach and carry on their ministering. Her publications include, “A New Heraldry: Visual Rhetoric in the Carrara Herbal,” in The Anthropomorphic Lens: Anthropomorphism, Microcosmism and Analogy in Early Modern Thought and Visual Arts, eds.
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Dictionary of scholastic philosophy

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Greek philosophy seems to begin with a preposterous fancy, with the proposition that water is the origin and mother-womb of all things. Doing Philosophy: A Practical Guide for Students, London, 2008. Философия медицины. Учебник для медицинских вузов под редакцией Шевченко Ю.Л. М.:ГЭОТАР – МЕД, 2004. Бердяев Н. О рабстве и свободе человека. М., 1995. They argued that all existing social institutions, especially law and government, must be transformed to satisfy the test of greatest happiness.
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Interpreting Avicenna: Critical Essays

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Since the active intellect both actualizes the human intellect and is a cause in the production of sublunar substances and events, it also causes knowledge of the future. The first half of this capstone course will focus on ethical theories, primarily forms of deontological and relativist theories. He notes that beauty is not entirely sensuous since, although sight and hearing are cognitive senses and we do speak of beautiful sights and sounds, "we do not speak of beautiful tastes, and beautiful odors."
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Medieval Philosophy of Religion: The History of Western

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My company that men such as Leon Battista Alberti, Palladio and Serlio drew from the classical teachings of Vitruvius. Sam‘), and (2) the metaphysical framework in which the concept of God’s sovereignty and omnipotence should be expressed. Morality plays spoke to medieval man"s anxiety about being prepared for death without delving into ... For example, a layperson who believes undogmatically a doctrine that is in fact heresy, until it has been shown to be heresy in a way adapted to that person's understanding, may maintain it “a thousand times”, even in the face of contradiction by bishop or Pope, without being a heretic (1 Dialogus 4. 23 ).
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An Exposition of Joseph Ibn Shem Tov's Kevod Elohim (The

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To solve the first problem, the Muʿtazilites set out to show that God can be described by many attributes without violating His unity; to solve the second, that, although God is omnipotent and omniscient, man's freedom and, hence, responsibility for his actions are not precluded. Recently, the state and locals officials (as well as the media) have frequently received more information than FBI field divisions...
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Loose Leaf for The Humanistic Tradition, Vol. 1 with Connect

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Tatarkiewicz 2006 is a monumental work, especially useful for obscure details and for original source material. Romero Carrasquillo Intellectual History of the Islamicate World, 2.1-2 (2014), edited by Sabine Schmidtke & Gregor Schwarb, focuses on Kalâm. Pragmatism asserts that the truth of beliefs consists in their usefulness and efficacy rather than their correspondence with reality. [89] Peirce and James were its co-founders and it was later modified by Dewey as instrumentalism.
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Bonaventure (Great Medieval Thinkers)

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Pikulski (Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 148). Indianapolis: William of Ockham”, Journal of the History of Ideas, 10: 199–218. –––. [1979] Council and Commune: The Conciliar Movement and the –––. [1988] “The Conciliar Movement” in Burns [1988], pp. 573–587. The first and most important is the category of substance. and a science in that it proceeds from self-evident principles to conclusions that follow deductively from them.) There are exactly ten categories. It is true that many subjects that once belonged to philosophy--such as physics, chemistry, and psychology--have broken off to become independent disciplines.
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Reforming the Muslim World

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But although the Consolation is justly famous, both in our own day and in the Middle Ages, Boethius's long-term importance probably rests more on his translations and commentary activity. Stone, Abraham D., “Avicenna,” in Substantia-sic et non: Eine Geschichte des Substanzbegriffs von der Antike bis zur Gegenwart in Einzelbeiträgen, ed. by Antonella Lang-Balestra, Holger Gutschmidt & Gianluigi Segarleba (Philosophische Analyse – Philosophical Analysis 27) (Frankfurt: Ontos-Verlag, 2008), pp. 133-47.
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The Philosophy of Descartes: Volume 2 (Routledge Library

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As Socrates became Athens' leading philosopher, Pericles became its de-facto ruler, while maintaining the appearances of democratic forms. The first three of his proofs share a similar strategy, which was inspired by Aristotle�s notion of the unmoved mover: there is a first cause of all the motion that takes place throughout the cosmos. Nevertheless, aesthetically pleasing cities share certain traits: ethnic and cultural variety, numerous microclimates that promote a diversity of vegetation, sufficient public transportation, a range of build-out (or zoning) that creates both densely and sparsely populated areas, sanitation to foster clean streets and graffiti removal (or co-ordination), scenic neighboring geography (oceans or mountains), public spaces and events such as parks and parades, musical variety through local radio or street musicians, and enforcement of laws that abate noise, crime, and pollution.
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Anselm's Other Argument

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Late Scholasticism (14th Century onwards) became more complex and subtle in its distinctions and arguments, including the nominalist or voluntarist theologies of men like William of Ockham. How can we deal with pain and difficulty in life? And I can see that that which experience sets before our eyes concerning natural effects, or which demonstration proves to us, ought not on any account to be called in question, much less condemned, upon the testimony of Scriptural texts, which may (under their mere words) have meanings of a contrary nature. [ibid] Accordingly, Galileo argues, Church officials should not presume to tell scientists what they are to believe.
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